|2006 - India|
The fifth edition of the ICC Champions Trophy was held in India from 7 October to 5 November 2006. The tournament venue was not confirmed until mid-2005 when the Indian government agreed that tournament revenues would be free from tax (the 2002 tournament had been due to be held in India, but was switched to Sri Lanka when an exemption from tax in India was not granted).
Australia won the tournament, their first Champions Trophy victory. They were the only team to only get one loss in the tournament, as all other teams lost at least two matches. West Indies, their final opponents, beat Australia in the group stage, but were bowled out for 138 in the final and lost by eight wickets on the Duckworth-Lewis method. West Indies opening batsman Chris Gayle was named Player of the Tournament.
The tournament was considered unpredictable because no Asian side qualified for the semi-final, for the first time in a major ICC tournament since the 1975 World Cup. The tournament also recorded five of the 10 lowest team totals in the tournament's history, and totals of 80 (for West Indies v Sri Lanka) and 89 (for Pakistan v South Africa) were the lowest recorded in matches involving the top eight ranked One-day International sides of the world.
Ten teams competed in the tournament based on the ICC ODI Championship standings on 1 April 2006. The first six teams on the ICC ODI table (Australia, South Africa, Pakistan, New Zealand, India, and England) qualified automatically; the next four teams (Sri Lanka, the defending champions West Indies, Zimbabwe and Bangladesh) played a pre-tournament round robin qualifying round from 7 October to 14 October to determine which two will proceed to play in the tournament proper.
Two teams from the qualifying round, plus the other six teams, played in a group stage, split into two groups of four in a round-robin competition. The top two teams from each group qualified for the semi-finals, played in Mohali on 1 November and in Jaipur on 2 November. The final was played in Mumbai on 5 November.
In the first semi-final, Australia beat New Zealand by 34 runs. Captain Ricky Ponting and Andrew Symonds smashed half centuries to bring the total score to 240. Man of the Match Glenn McGrath picked up three wickets to bundle the opposition out for 206.
In the other semi-final between West Indies and South Africa, Chris Gayle scripted his team's entry into the finals with his unbeaten 135-ball 133 runs. West Indies won by six wickets as they scored 262 runs in response to the Proteas' 258.